Archive for the ‘This Day In History’ Category

In This Day In History on November 7, 2010 at 3:50 pm

Ground Zero mosque row intensifies as hundreds of protesters gather in New York

Hundreds of people on both sides of the controversy over a proposed mosque and community center near Ground Zero rallied near the site to make their feelings known.

A crowd of demonstrators against the project stood behind police barricades three blocks from the World Trade Center site and around the corner from where the mosque and cultural center would be.

Brooklyn plumber Steve Ayling says the people who want to build the project are the same ones who ‘took down the twin towers.’

Nearby, several hundred people who support the mosque chanted ‘Muslims are welcome here. We say no to racist fear.’

Protest: Angry protestors for and against the proposed Muslim cultural centre and mosque gathered near Groud Zero

Protest: Angry protestors for and against the proposed Muslim cultural centre and mosque gathered near Groud Zero

The proposed £70million mosque has ignighted furious debate.

The growing movement against the building of the mosque gained another prominent supporter last week: the first Muslim Miss USA.

United front: A growing number of construction workers are pledging to refuse to work on the mosque

United front: A growing number of construction workers are pledging to refuse to work on the mosque

Insult: A Time magazine poll released last week also revealed that more than 70 per cent of those questioned believed that to build the mosque would insult the memory of victims

Insult: A Time magazine poll released last week also revealed that more than 70 per cent of those questioned believed that to build the mosque would insult the memory of victims

Groud Zero: Protestors marched through the streets waving home-made signs

Groud Zero: Protestors marched through the streets waving home-made signs

Controversy: The proposed mosque and cultural center would cost £70million and would be located only three blocks away from Ground Zero

Controversy: The proposed mosque and cultural center would cost £70million and would be located only three blocks away from Ground Zero

Rima Fakih, 24, the daughter of Lebanese immigrants and a Muslim, criticised the location of the planned mosque.

‘It shouldn’t be so close to the World Trade Center,’ Fakih, 24, told Inside Edition during a break from the Miss Universe pageant preparations in Las Vegas.

‘We should be more concerned with the tragedy than religion.’

After wading into the highly-charged political issue, the Michigan-born Fakih then went on to support President Obama’s statement on the constitutional rights of religious freedom.

‘I totally agree with President Obama with (that) statement,’ said Fakih.

Bad idea: The first Muslim Miss USA has says she opposes the plans for the mosque and cultural center to be built three blocks from Ground Zero

Bad idea: The first Muslim Miss USA has says she opposes the plans for the mosque and cultural center to be built three blocks from Ground Zero

Meanwhile growing number of New York construction workers are vowing not to work on the mosque planned near Ground Zero, according to the New York Daily News.

‘It’s a very touchy thing because they want to do this on sacred ground,’ said Dave Kaiser, 38, a blaster who is working to rebuild the World Trade Center site.

The grass-roots movement is gaining momentum on the Internet, says the Daily News. One construction worker created the Hard Hat Pledge on his blog and asked others to vow not to work on the project if it stays in its current location.

‘Thousands of people are signing up from all over the country,’ said creator Andy Sullivan, a construction worker from Brooklyn.

‘People who sell glass, steel, lumber, insurance. They are all refusing to do work if they build there.

‘Hopefully, this will be a tool to get them to move it,’ he said. ‘I got a problem with this ostentatious building looming over Ground Zero.’

L.V. Spina, a Manhattan construction worker who created anti-mosque stickers that some workers are slapping on their hardhats, told the New York Daily News he would ‘rather pick cans and bottles out of trash cans’ than build the Islamic center near Ground Zero.

‘But if they moved it somewhere else, we would put up a prime building for these people,’ he said.

‘Hell, you could do it next to my house, I would be fine with it. But I’m not fine with it where blood has been spilled.’

The leader of the proposed Islamic centre and mosque says dropping the plan in the face of protest is not an option.

Daisy Khan says she and other organisers of the center are closely consulting with American Muslim leaders as the plan moves forward. Khan says she realises the uproar is affecting Muslims nationwide.

The project has created a national debate over religious tolerance and the Sept. 11 attacks.

Khan said yesterday she’s under no pressure to change locations from the political leaders who previously expressed support.

Khan and her husband, Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf, say the centre will promote moderate Islam. Critics say the location is insensitive to 9/11 families.

New York Governor David Paterson says no meeting to discuss relocating has been scheduled with developers.

Paterson told WNYC Radio’s The Take Away last night that he’s still seeking a meeting, but the discussion he’d hoped to have this week won’t happen.

Racism row: The proposed mosque has stirred-up emotions in New York

Racism row: The proposed mosque has stirred-up emotions in New York

Political row: President Obama has sparked anger amongst Democrats after revealing he suppots the plans to build the mosque

Political row: President Obama has sparked anger amongst Democrats after revealing he suppots the plans to build the mosque

Misconception: Up to one in four people, or 24 per cent, said they think Mr Obama, whose middle name is Hussein, is a Muslim

Misconception: Up to one in four people, or 24 per cent, said they think Mr Obama, whose middle name is Hussein, is a Muslim

Freedom of religion: President Obama stated last week that Muslims have the same right to practice their religion as everyone else in the U.S.

Freedom of religion: President Obama stated last week that Muslims have the same right to practice their religion as everyone else in the U.S.

Paterson had said this week that he had hoped to meet with developers in a couple of days to talk about the concerns of those still hurt and angry over the 9/11 attacks.

He says the group postponed a Monday meeting because its imam leader was travelling.

Paterson has also offered to provide state assistance for any relocation.

Up to one in four people, or 24 per cent, said they think Mr Obama, whose middle name is Hussein, is a Muslim after he announced his support for a the building of a mosque near the site of the 9/11 attacks.

The Time poll released last week also revealed that more than 70 per cent of those questioned believed that to build the mosque would insult the memory of victims.

The poll emerged as the mosque developers refused to rule out accepting funding for the plan from Iran and Saudi Arabia.

Mr Obama said he has ‘no regrets’ over the comments he made about the right of Muslims to build an Islamic centre near Ground Zero.

Sensitive issue: Hundreds of protestors took to the streets forcing police to erect barricades

Sensitive issue: Hundreds of protestors took to the streets forcing police to erect barricades

Mr Obama sparked outrage from Republicans and the families of 9/11 victims after supporting the right of developers to build the mosque.

He inserted himself into the debate over the mosque last week when he said Muslims have the same right to practice their religion as everyone else in the U.S.

A day later, he told reporters that he wasn’t endorsing the specifics of the mosque plan.

According to the Siena Research Institute poll, 63 per cent of New Yorkers polled were against its construction and just 27 per cent were for it. But in the same poll a similar margin – 64-to-28 per cent – said the developers had the constitutional right to built it.

The mosque, previously called Cordoba House but now known as Park51, will be a 13-storey Muslim community centre costing £70million which will include a swimming pool, gym, theatre and sports facilities.

Construction is due to begin on September 11 next year – the 10th anniversary of the terrorist attack.

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Ostegun goizaldean istripua izan eta Deba eta Zumaia arteko flysch eremu babestuan hondoa jota dagoen Motxo arrantzaontzia nola atera aztertzeko bilera egingo dute gaur auziarekin zerikusia duten alde guztiek, Donostian, Gipuzkoako Itsasertzerako Lurralde Zerbitzuan. Bilera horretan Motxo-ren armadoreak azaldu behar du zein asmo duen ontzia desegiteko. Izan ere, joan den ostiralean osorik ateratzeko ahaleginak hutsegin ostean, ontzia ataldatzea beste aukerarik ez da izango. Ondorio horretara iritsi dira gai horrekin lanean dabiltzan Gipuzkoako Diputazioko eta Itsas Salbamenduko teknikariak.

Ostegun goizaldean izan zuen istripua Bermeoko (Bizkaia) arrantzaontziak, eta ostiralean itsasgorarekin batera saiatu ziren ateratzen atoiontzi baten laguntzarekin. Ahalegin horretan ari zirela, ordea, irauli egin zen Motxo, eta teknikarien arabera, hor galdu ziren osorik ateratzeko aukera guztiak. Gainera, ontziak barruan metatutako 12 tona erregai isuri zituen itsasora.

Deba eta Zumaia arteko itsaslabarra babestutako biotopoa da, eta istripuaren berri izan zenetik kezka handia sortu du ingurumenean eragin zezakeen kalteak. Esan bezala erregaia isuri zuen ontziak, baina Diputazioko teknikarien arabera ez du ingurumenean kalte handirik eragin: gehiena lurrundu egin dela diote.

Nolanahi ere, azken orduetan ugaritu egin dira Motxo-ren salbamenduaren inguruan instituzioek izan duten jokabidearen inguruko kritikak. Batetik, Laguntzara Sistemaren Munduko Gobernuz Kanpoko Adituen Taldeak adierazi du arrantzaontziko marinelen salbamendua asko atzeratu zela, hain zuzen ere, haien bizitza arriskuan jartzeraino. Horrez gain, ontzia hondoa jotan dagoen lekutik ateratzeko behar adina baliabide jarri diren zalantzan jarri du Zumaiako alkateak. sare sozialera Ander Izagirre kazetariak ekarri du Motxo-ren inguruko kritika, Santi Ianiz argazkilariak bere blogean egin duen kronikaren harira. Zumaiako herri aldizkariaren webgunean itsaslabarrean sumatzen den gasolio usainaren berri eman dute.


Marija J Borg

B’madwar 47,000 ħaddiem, is-Settur Pubbliku huwa l-akbar employer fil-pajjiż.

6 ta’Novembru 2010

Fil-Baġit li għadda tħabbru għadd ta’ miżuri dwar is-settur pubbliku; miżuri intiżi biex itejbu l-effiċjenza ta’ dan is-settur u l-mod kif jopera. Issemmew fost l-oħrajn dawn il-miżuri:

1. Matul is-sena li ġejja, id-Dipartimenti u l-entitajiet tal-Gvern (għandhom il-mira li): itejbu l-effiċjenza tagħhom mill-anqas bi tnejn fil-mija. Kull Dipartiment u entità pubblika għandha tissottometti, sal-15 ta’ Diċembru, pjan t’azzjoni dwar kif se jtejbu l-effiċjenza tagħhom;

2. fejn jagħmel sens, jimpjegaw persuna waħda għal kull tnejn li jispiċċaw. Id-dipartimenti u entitajiet huma mistennija li jużaw ir-riżorsi umani bl-aħjar mod possibbli;

3. jitwaqqaf grupp ta’ ħidma biex iħares mill-qrib lejn il-metodi u l-proċessi tax-xiri fis-settur pubbliku, u biex jipproponi strateġiji u miżuri għat-titjib fl-effiċjenza u l-valur għall-flus. Dan il-grupp se jintalab ilesti r-rapport tiegħu sal-aħħar t’Awissu li ġej;

4. it-trasport tal-Gvern irid jiġi mmaniġġjat b’mod iżjed effiċjenti. Għalhekk, fuq perijodu ta’ sentejn, se jsir eżerċizzju biex jiġi analizzat it-trasport tal Gvern, u jsiru rakkomandazzjonijiet fuq l-użu, ippjanar, fjuwil, manutenzjoni u tiswija tal-vetturi użati. Huwa mistenni li din ir-riforma tkun lesta sal 2013.

Kont selettiva, iva, imma dawn il-miżuri kienu l-iktar li laqtuni għaliex inħoss li għandhom potenzjal ta’ impatt qawwi pożittiv fuq l-ekonomija; dejjem jekk imħaddma sew.
Titjib fl-effiċjenza

Il-miżura tat-titjib fl-effiċjenza hi għan ta’ min ifaħħru. Spiss nisimgħu lmenti dwar il-ħtieġa ta’ titjib fis-servizz mogħti minn istituzzjonijiet, entitajiet u dipartimenti pubbliċi. Il-kjuwijiet li rajna fix-xhur li għaddew fl-uffiċċji tal-ARMS huma eżempju ta’ dik li ħafna jassoċjaw mal-ineffiċjenza mistħajla fis-servizz pubbliku.

Min-naħa l-oħra, ilkoll nafu b’eżempji differenti ta’effiċjenza (jiġini f’moħħi s-servizz tal-passaporti fejn biex nagħmlu u biex niġbru domt biss ftit minuti… iżjed domt infittex fejn nipparkja!).

Il-ħtieġa tal-effiċjenza tmur lil hinn minn dak li huwa l-front office, jew aħjar il-wiċċ tad-dipartimenti li jaqdu lill-gvern. Il-makna kollha trid tkun effiċjenti. Bħal kull entità mdaqqsa oħra, il-gvern għandu diversi dipartimenti li jagħtu servizz lil dipartimenti oħra fi ħdanu.

Ħarsa lejn il-websjat tad-Dipartiment tal-Informazzjoni turi diversi minn dawn, bħal ngħidu aħna, fl-Uffiċċju tal-Prim Ministru, il-Management Support, id-dipartimenti risponsabbli mir-riżorsi umani u l-impjegati, is-servizzi informatiċi u l-corporate services.

Għalxejn jittejjeb il-wiċċ tal-pubbliku jekk l-effiċjenza fil-mod kif joffru s-servizzi lil xilxin id-dipartimenti ma jitjiebx ukoll.

Nistaqsi wkoll kif se jitkejjel it-titjib fl-effiċjenza. Biex din tkun komputata jeħtieġ li tkun teżisti metrika trasparenti u ta’ min joqgħod fuqha tas-servizz offrut preżentement; biex it-titjib ikun imqabbel magħha. Jeżistu indikaturi u sistema ta’ kejl għal kull indikatur biex b’hekk ikun jista’ jitkejjel l-operat ta’ kull dipartiment? Jista’ jkun li teżisti, iżda allura kif ma saritx riferenza għaliha?
Tnaqqis fir-riżorsi umani

Nhar l-Erbgħa, fit-tweġiba tiegħu lill-Kap tal-Oppożizzjoni, il-Prim Ministru Dr Lawrence Gonzi stqarr li mill-2004 sa llum, is-Settur Pubbliku naqqas madwar 6,000 ħaddiem. Tradizzjonalment, is-Settur Pubbliku kien l-ikbar employer fil-pajjiż. B’madwar 47,000 ħaddiem, meta tqis li f’Malta skont l-aħħar ċifri tal-Uffiċċju Nazzjonali tal-Istatistika hawn madwar 145,000 ħaddiem, ifisser li ftit inqas minn terz tal-ħaddiema huma impjegati mas-settur pubbliku.

Hawn, b’settur pubbliku qed nifhem dipartimenti u ministeri li skond l-NSO, f’Ġunju kellhom 34,047 impjegat, entitajiet statutorji li f’Ġunju kellhom 10,020 impjegat u kumpaniji b’maġġoranza tal-ishma f’idejn il-gvern, li f’Ġunju kienu jħaddmu 3,008 impjegat.

It-tnaqqis ta’ ħaddiema mis-settur pubbliku, jew aħjar it-tnaqqis tar-rata ta’ impjegati fis-settur pubbliku bħala rata tat-total ta’ persuni f’impjieg fil-pajjiż hu pass pożittiv, għall-inqas bħala prinċipju. Finalment, il-pagi ta’ dawn jitħallsu mit-taxxi u għalhekk kull impjegat għandu s-salarju tiegħu mantnut mill-popolazzjoni – ovvjament, parti hi mwieżna mit-taxxi mħallsa minn impjegati fl-istess settur pubbliku!

Fl-istess ħin, iż-żamma ta’ amministrazzjoni pubblika hi ħtieġa. Skont it-teorija ekonomika hemm ċerti servizzi, imsejħa public goods (oġġetti li l-konsum tagħhom ma jnaqqasx lil ħaddieħor milli jikkunsmahom b’mod ekwivalenti). Xi uħud huma b’xejn (eżempju l-arja), oħrajn huma provduti mill-privat (eżempju t-televiżjoni – f’ċertu sens). Il-parti l-kbira huma provduti mill-gvern u jinkludu dawk is-servizzi kollha li l-privat mhux se jidħol għalihom minn jeddu, bħaż-żamma tal-ordni pubblika, jew il-ġustizzja jew it-toroq u ż-żamma ta’ spazji pubbliċi. Dawn kollha jeħtieġu impjegati biex ikunu jistgħu jingħataw.

Hemm riskju fit-tnaqqis ta’ impjegati. Dejjem hemm fejn jitħaffew proċeduri burokratiċi u titnaqqas il-ħela ta’ ħin u l-użu ħażin ta’ riżorsi. Fl-istess ħin, hemm limitu kemm jista’ jsir tnaqqis. Jekk nassumu li hemm uffiċċju ta’ erba’ min-nies fejn kulħadd jagħti l-mija fil-mija tal-ġurnata tiegħu, it-tnaqqis ta’ persuna mit-tim tista’ tfisser żieda ta’ 33 fil-mija tax-xogħol fuq il-bqija tat-tijm, bil-konsegwenza li dawn jistgħu jitkissru; l-impatt faċilment ikun li dawn jgħaddu minn burn-out, u jibdew jitilqu huma ukoll. Ħarsa lejn dak li qed jiġri fis-settur tas-saħħa, fejn l-impejgati huma spiss mitlubin jaħdmu sigħat twal ħafna hu sintomatiku.
Miżuri oħrajn

Iż-żewġ miżuri l-oħrajn imħabbra jirrigwardaw żewġ elementi ta’ konsum: il-metodi u l-proċessi tax-xiri fis-settur pubbliku, u l-użu aħjar tal-mod kif ikun immaniġġjat it-trasport tal-Gvern. It-titjib fl-immaniġġjar tar-riżorsi disponibbli huwa dejjem utiq.

Ix-xiri tal-gvern spiss kien fl-aħbarijiet dwar allegati abbużi (ara l-każ tal-impjant il-ġdid għall-power station ta’ Dellimara). Huwa ukoll proċess tqil (biżżejjed tara tender document fil-websajt tad-Dipartiment tal-Kuntratti), li waħdu jesiġi ħafna investiment ta’ ħin u riżorsi biex jitwettaq. It-tħaffif ta’ dan kollu b’mod li titnaqqas il-possibilità ta’ abbuż u tisseddaq l-effiċjenza tal-proċess tgħin biss tista’.

L-istess jingħad għal dak li hu mmaniġġjar tat-trasport. Fi żmien fejn il-prezz tal-fjuwil qed jiżdied, fejn Malta għandha miri ta’ tnaqqis ta’ tniġġiż u t-trasport ġie identifikat bħala sors ewlieni ta’ dan, u minħabba li l-gvern innifsu għandu numru mdaqqas ta’ vetturi, allura l-immaniġġjar aħjar tat-trasport mis-settur pubbliku għandu l-possibilità li jgħin biex jintlaqtu diversi għasafar b’ġebla waħda!


Pharaonic inscription found in Saudi Arabia

The rock with a hieroglyphic inscription dating back to at least 1160 B.C.


Published: Nov 7, 2010 22:58 Updated: Nov 7, 2010 22:58

RIYADH: The Saudi Commission for Tourism and Antiquities (SCTA) announced Sunday that Saudi archaeologists have discovered an ancient hieroglyphic inscription mentioning an Egyptian pharaoh on a rock near the ancient oasis of Tayma, Tabuk province. The discovery, about 400 km north of Madinah and northeast of the ancient Nabatean site Madain Saleh, marks the first confirmed hieroglyphic inscription discovered in the Kingdom.

“The rock was bearing an inscription of King Ramses III, one of the kings who ruled ancient Egypt from 1192 1160 B.C.,” said SCTA Vice President for Antiquities and Museums Ali Ibrahim Al-Ghabban at a news conference on Sunday at the Commission on National Museum.

Al-Ghabban said the discovery was made in July. Since then researchers have posited that Tayma was on an important land route between the western coast of Arabia and the Nile Valley. Recent discoveries at the site prove Tayma was inhabited as far back as the Bronze Age (2,000 B.C.). The trade route has been used by caravans for centuries to carry goods such as incense, copper, gold and silver.

“The route connected the Nile Valley, Port Qulzum, the city of Suez, and then went by sea to Srabit near the port of Abu Zenima on the Gulf of Suez, where the archaeologists found a temple dedicated to King Ramses III, then across the Sinai Peninsula, where they also found several inscriptions similar to that found in Tayma,” said Al-Ghabban.

The land route passed through Aqaba, Jordan, where similar inscriptions have been discovered.

The find comes at a time when Saudi Arabia is working to implement a policy of promoting the country’s oft-ignored historical sites, especially pertaining to its pre-Islamic period.

Tayma is mentioned in ancient Assyrian texts dating back to the 8th century B.C. and referred to numerous times in the Hebrew Bible. Babylonian King Nabonidus spent 10 years in Tayma. His royal complex is currently being excavated. Last year a fragment of a cuneiform text mentioning Nabonidus was discovered there.


Abū Muḥammad ʿAlī ibn Aḥmad ibn Saʿīd ibn Ḥazm (Arabic: أبو محمد علي بن احمد بن سعيد بن حزم‎; also sometimes known as al-Andalusī aẓ-Ẓāhirī;[3] 7 November 994–15 August 1064[1] (456 AH[2])) was an Andalusian philosopher, litterateur, psychologist, historian, jurist and theologian born in Córdoba, present-day Spain.[4] He was a leading proponent of the Zahiri school of Islamic thought and produced a reported 400 works of which only 40 still survive, covering a range of topics such as Islamic jurisprudence, logic, history, ethics, comparative religion, and theology, as well as The Ring of the Dove, on the art of love.[4]

“Love is of all passions the strongest, for it attacks simultaneously the head, the heart and the senses.”

– Lao Tzu quotes


(Books common to all Christian and Judaic canons)
Genesis · Exodus · Leviticus · Numbers · Deuteronomy · Joshua · Judges · Ruth · 1–2 Samuel · 1–2 Kings · 1–2 Chronicles · Ezra (Esdras) · Nehemiah · Esther · Job · Psalms · Proverbs · Ecclesiastes · Song of Songs · Isaiah · Jeremiah · Lamentations · Ezekiel · Daniel · Minor prophets
Tobit · Judith · 1 Maccabees · 2 Maccabees · Wisdom (of Solomon) · Sirach · Baruch · Letter of Jeremiah · Additions to Daniel · Additions to Esther
Greek and Slavonic Orthodox canon
1 Esdras · 3 Maccabees · Prayer of Manasseh · Psalm 151
Georgian Orthodox canon
4 Maccabees · 2 Esdras
Ethiopian Orthodox “narrow” canon
Apocalypse of Ezra · Jubilees · Enoch · 1–3 Meqabyan · 4 Baruch
Syriac Peshitta
Psalms 152–155 · 2 Baruch · Letter of Baruch
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The first book of Maccabees is a book written in Hebrew by a Jewish author after the restoration of an independent Jewish kingdom, about the latter part of the second century BC. The original Hebrew is lost and the most important surviving version is the Greek translation contained in the Septuagint. The book is held as canonical scripture by some Christian churches (including Catholic, Orthodox and Copt churches), but not by most Protestant groups. Such Protestant groups consider it to be an apocryphal book (see also Deuterocanon). In modern-day Judaism, the book is often of great historical interest, but has no official religious status.

The setting of the book is about a century after the conquest of Judea by the Greeks under Alexander the Great, after Alexander’s empire has been divided so that Judea was part of the Greek Seleucid Empire. It tells how the Greek ruler Antiochus IV Epiphanes attempted to suppress the practice of basic Jewish religious law, resulting in a Jewish revolt against Seleucid rule. The book covers the whole of the revolt, from 175 to 134 BC, highlighting how the salvation of the Jewish people in this crisis came from God through Mattathias‘ family, particularly his sons, Judas Maccabeus, Jonathan Maccabaeus, and Simon Maccabaeus, and Simon’s son, John Hyrcanus. The doctrine expressed in the book reflects traditional Jewish teaching, without later doctrines found, for example, in 2 Maccabees.

In the first chapter, Alexander the Great conquers the territory of Judea, only to be eventually succeeded by the Seleucid Antiochus IV Epiphanes. After successfully invading the Ptolemaic kingdom of Egypt, Antiochus IV captures Jerusalem and removes the sacred objects from the Jerusalem temple, slaughtering many Jews. He then imposes a tax and establishes a fortress in Jerusalem.

Antiochus then tries to suppress public observance of Jewish laws, in an attempt to secure control over the Jews. He desecrates the Temple by setting up an “abomination of desolation” (an idol). Antiochus forbids both circumcision and possession of Jewish scriptures on pain of death. He forbids observance of the sabbath and the offering of sacrifices at the Temple. He also requires Jewish leaders to sacrifice to idols. While enforcement may be targeting only Jewish leaders, some Jews (and children) are killed as a warning to others. Antiochus introduces Hellenistic culture; this process of Hellenization included the construction of gymnasiums in Jerusalem. Among other effects, this discouraged the Jewish rite of circumcision even further, which had already been officially forbidden; a man’s state could not be concealed in the gymnasium, where men trained and socialized in the nude. But 1 Maccabees also insists that there were many Jews who sought out or welcomed the introduction of Greek culture. According to the text, some Jewish men even engaged in foreskin restoration in order to pass as fully Greek.

Mattathias calls upon people loyal to the traditions of Israel to oppose the invaders and the Jewish Hellenizers, and his three sons begin a military campaign against them. There is one complete loss of a thousand Jews (men, women and children) to Antiochus when the Jewish defenders refuse to fight on the Sabbath. The other Jews then reason that, when attacked, they must fight even on the holy day. In 165 BC the Temple is freed and reconsecrated, so that ritual sacrifices may begin again. The festival of Hanukkah is instituted by Judas Maccabeus and his brothers to celebrate this event (1 Macc. iv. 59). Judas seeks an alliance with the Roman Republic to remove the Greeks. He is “succeeded” by his brother Jonathan, who becomes high priest and also seeks alliance with Rome and confirms alliance with Areus of Sparta (1 Macc. xii. 1-23). Simon follows them, receiving the double office of high priest and prince of Israel. (Simon and his successors form the Hasmonean dynasty, which is not always considered a valid kingship by the Jews, since they were not of the lineage of David.) Simon leads the people in peace and prosperity, until he is murdered by agents of Ptolemy, son of Abubus, who had been named governor of the region by the Macedonian Greeks. He is succeeded by his son, John Hyrcanus.

The name Maccabee in Hebrew, means “hammer”. This is properly applied to the first leader of the revolt, Judas, third son of Mattathias, whose attacks were “hammer-like”. The name Maccabee also might have been derived from the battle cry of the revolt, Mi Kamocha B’elim, YHWH (“Who is like you among the heavenly powers, YHWH!” – Exodus ch. 15:11.) In Hebrew, the first letters of this four word slogan form the acronym MKBY (Mem, Kaf, Bet and Yod). This became synonymous with the revolt. The name came to be used for his brothers as well, which accounts for the title of the book. Scholars infer that in the original Hebrew, the term used for “abomination of desolation” would have sounded similar to “Lord of heaven”, so that this term might refer to an image or altar of Zeus.

The narrative is primarily prose text, but is interrupted by seven poetic sections, which imitate classical Hebrew poetry. These include four laments and three hymns of praise.

The text comes to us in three codices of the Septuagint: the Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Alexandrinus and Codex Venetus, as well as some cursives.

Though the original book was written in Hebrew, as can be deduced by a number of Hebrew idioms in the text, the original has been lost and the version which comes down to us is the Septuagint. Some authors date the original Hebrew text even closer to the events covered, while a few suggest a later date. Because of the accuracy of the historical account, if the later date is taken, the author would have to have had access to first-hand reports of the events or other primary sources.

Origen of Alexandria[1] gives testimony to the existence of an original Hebrew text. Jerome likewise claims “the first book of Maccabees I have found to be Hebrew, the second is Greek, as can be proved from the very style” (per Prologus Galeatus). Many scholars suggest that they may have actually had access to a Biblical Aramaic paraphrase of the work — most Christian scholars of the time did not distinguish between Hebrew and Aramaic. In either case, only the Greek text has survived, and this only through its inclusion in the Christian canon. Origen claims that the title of the original was Sarbēth Sarbanael (variants include Σαρβηθ Σα[ρ]βαναι ελ “Sarbēth Sa[r]banai El” and Σαρβηθ Σα[ρ]βανέελ Sarbēth Sa[r]baneel), an enigmatic Greek transliteration from a Semitic original. Various reconstructions have been proposed:

  • Book of the Prince of the House of Israel” or “the Prince of the House of God (El)“, from the Hebrew שַׂר בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל, Sar Beit-Yisra’el or בֵּית אֵל‎ שַׂר, Sar Beit-El, respectively,
  • History of the House of the Warriors[2],
  • Book of the House of the Princes of God[3],
  • the Book of the Dynasty of God’s resisters[4], perhaps from סֵפֶר בֵּית סָרְבָנֵי אֵל, Sefer Beit Sarevanei El (“Book of the House who strive for God”).

Gustaf Dalman, meanwhile, suggests that the title is a corruption of the Aramaic “The Book of the House of the Hasmoneans“.[5]

The book’s author is unknown, but is assumed to have been a devout Jew from the Holy Land who may have taken part in the events described in the book. He shows intimate and detailed geographical knowledge of the Holy Land, but is inaccurate in his information about foreign countries. The author interprets the events not as a miraculous intervention by God, but rather God’s using the instrument of the military genius of the Maccabees to achieve his ends. The words “God” and “Lord” never occur in the text, always being replaced by “Heaven” or “He”.

Ibn Hazm was born into a notable family. His great-grandfather Hazm was a convert to Islam, his grandfather Sa’id moved to Córdoba and his father Ahmad both held high advisory positions in the court of the Umayyad Caliph Hisham II.[5] The family claimed to be of Persian descent.[6] However, some modern day scholars believe that there is evidence that Ibn Hazm was a descendant of a Christian Iberian family in Manta Lisham (near Sevilla).[6]

Ibn Hazm lived among the circle of the ruling hierarchy of the Umayyad government, produced an eager and observant attitude in young Ibn Hazm, he gained an excellent educational opportunity at Cordoba. His talent gained him fame and entered service under the Caliphs of Córdoba, and was known to have worked under Al-Mansur Ibn Abi Aamir, Hajib (Grand Vizier) to the last of the Ummayad caliphs, Hisham III. He was also a colleague of Abd al-Rahman Sanchuelo.

After the death of the Grand Vizier al-Muzaffar in 1008, the Umayyad Caliphate of Spain, became embroiled in a civil war that lasted until 1031 resulting in its collapse of the central authority of Córdoba and the emergence of many smaller incompetent states called Taifas.

Historic map of Majorca and Minorca by the Ottoman admiral Piri Reis.

[6] Ibn Hazm’s father died in 1012 and Ibn Hazm continued to speak in favor of a centralized Political Structure he was accused of supporting the Umayyads, for which he was frequently imprisoned.[6] By 1031 Ibn Hazm retreated to his family estate at Manta Lisham and had begun to express his activist convictions in the literary form.[6] According to one of his sons, Ibn Hazm produced some 80,000 pages of writing, consisting of 400 works, only 40 of those works are still existent. A varied character of Ibn Hazm’s literary activity covers an impressive range of Anthropology, Jurisprudence, Logic, History, Ethics, Comparative Religion and Theology. He is also known to have been fond of adventure and travels, he wrote about his visit to the island of Majorca and its capitol Medina Mayurqa near Palma, and gives interesting insight into the invention and construction of Caravels.

According to a saying of the period, “the tongue of Ibn Hazm was a twin brother to the sword of al-Hajjaj (an infamous 7th century general and governor of Iraq)[6] and he became so frequently quoted that the phrase “Ibn Hazm said” became proverbial.[6]

He opposed the allegorical interpretation of religious texts, preferring instead a grammatical and syntactical interpretation of the Qur’an. He granted cognitive legitimacy only to revelation and sensation and considered deductive reasoning insufficient in legal and religious matters. He did much to revitalize the Zahiri madhhab, which denied the legitimacy of legal rulings based upon qiyas (analogy) and focused upon the literal meanings of legal injunctions in the Qur’an and hadith and governance. Many of his rulings differed from those of his Zahiri predecessors, and consequently Ibn Hazm’s followers are sometimes described as comprising a distinct madhhab.[citation needed]

Main article: List of works by ibn Hazm

  • Al Kitab al-Muhallā bi’l Athār (The Book Ornamented with traditions), only existing book of his legal rulings
  • Ihkam Al Ahkam fi Usul al Ahkam, usul al fiqh
  • Mukhtasar al-Muhalla li Ibn Hazm, an abridgment of Ibn Hazm’s fiqh manual[7]
  • Ṭawq al-Ḥamāmah (The Dove’s Necklace or The Ring of the Dove);[8] In classical Arabic literary tradition, the dove represented love, or romance, while the ring refers to a necklace. In essence, it is the “necklace of love”. The book is meant to adorn one’s love. It is inspired by ‘ishq (defined by Hakim Bey as “crazed, hopeless passion”), and treats equally of desire both for males and females, but cautions the reader against breaking religious injunctions and praises remaining chaste.

Ibn Hazm also wrote more than ten books on medicine.

A number of his works have been translated, including:

  • Al-Akhlaq wa al-Siyar fi Mudawat al-Nufus (Morals and Right Conduct in the Healing of Souls”) [9]
  • Maratib al-`Ulum (“The Categories of the Sciences”)
  • Al-Mujalla
  • Al-Fisal fi al-Milal wa al-Ahwa’ wa al-Nihal (“The Separator Concerning Religions, Heresies, and Sects”).[10]

In his Fisal (Detailed Critical Examination), a treatise on Islamic science, philosophy and theology, Ibn Hazm stressed the importance of sense perception as he realized that human reason can be flawed. While he recognized the importance of reason, since the Qur’an itself invites reflection, he argued that this reflection refers mainly to revelation and sense data, since the principles of reason are themselves derived entirely from sense experience. He concludes that reason is not a faculty for independent research or discovery, but that sense perception should be used in its place, an idea that forms the basis of empiricism.[11]

Ibn Hazm wrote the Scope of Logic on logic in Islamic philosophy, in which he stressed on the importance of sense perception as a source of knowledge.[12] He wrote that the “first sources of all human knowledge are the soundly used senses and the intuitions of reason, combined with a correct understanding of a language.” Ibn Hazm also criticized some of the more traditionalist theologians who were opposed to the use of logic and argued that the first generations of Muslims did not rely on logic. His response was that the early Muslims had witnessed the revelation directly, whereas the Muslims of his time have been exposed to contrasting beliefs, hence the use of logic is necessary in order to preserve the true teachings of Islam.[13]

In his book, In Pursuit of Virtue, ibn Hazm had urged his readers with the following:

Do not use your energy except for a cause more noble than yourself. Such a cause cannot be found except in Almighty God Himself: to preach the truth, to defend womanhood, to repel humiliation which your creator has not imposed upon you, to help the oppressed. Anyone who uses his energy for the sake of the vanities of the world is like someone who exchanges gemstones for gravel.[14]


  • The Ring of the Dove by Ibn Hazm, translation and preface by A. J. Arberry ISBN 1-898942-02-1 [15]
  • al-Fasl fi al-milal wa-al-ahwa’ wa-al-nihal, by Ibn Hazm. Bairut: Dar al-Jil, 1985
  • Abenházam de Córdoba y su Historia crítica de las ideas religiosas vols. 1–5, by Miguel Asín Palacios. Madrid, 1928–1932
  • Muslim writers on Judaism and the Hebrew Bible : from Ibn Rabban to Ibn Hazm, by Camilla Adang. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1996. ISBN 90-04-10034-2
  • Ibn Hazm et la polémique islamo-chrétienne dans l´histoire de l´Islam, by Abdelilah Ljamai. Leiden: Brill, 2003. ISBN 90-04-12844-1
  • Kitab al-‘axlaq wa-s-siyar ou Risala fi mudawat an-nufus wa-tahdib al-‘axlaq wa-z-zuhd fi r-rada’il / Ibn Hazm al-‘Andalusi ; introd., éd. critique, remarques par Eva Riad. Uppsala : Univ. ; Stockholm : Almqvist & Wiksell international (distr.), 1980. ISBN 91-554-1048-0
  • The Zahiris, Their Doctrine and Their History: a contribution to the history of Islamic theology by Ignaz Goldziher, trans. and ed. Wolfgang Behn. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1971.
  • “Ibn Hazm of Cordova: on Porphyry’s Isagoge”, by Rafael Ramón Guerrero, in J. Meirinhos – O. Weijers (eds.): Florilegium mediaevale. Études offertes à Jacqueline Hamesse à l’occasion de son éméritat, Louvain-La-Neuve, FIDEM, 2009, pp. 525-540.

Ronni Scotts

In Being In The Moment, Business, Daily Meditations, Media Dailies, Music For Pleasure, Prime Time News, Readers Choice, The Flying Muse, The Master Class, The Vitriolic Potical Corner, This Day In History, To Deal or Not on September 26, 2010 at 6:56 pm

Ronnie Scott (originally Ronald Schatt) was born in Aldgate, east London, into a family of Russian Jewish descent on his father’s side, and Portuguese antecedents on his mother’s.[1] Scott began playing in small jazz clubs at the age of sixteen. he toured with Johnny Claes, the trumpeter, from 1944 to 1945, and with Ted Heath in 1946, as well as working with Ambrose, Cab Kaye, and Tito Burns. He was involved in the short-lived musicians’ co-operative Club Eleven band and club (1948–1950), with Johnny Dankworth and others, and was a member of the generation of British musicians who worked on the Cunard liner Queen Mary (intermittently 1946–c. 1950) in order to visit New York and hear the new music directly. Scott was among the earliest British musicians to be influenced in his playing style by Charlie Parker and other bebop musicians.

In 1952 Scott joined Jack Parnell‘s orchestra, then led his own nine-piece group and quintet featuring among others, Pete King, with whom he would later open his jazz club, Victor Feldman, Hank Shaw and Phil Seamen from 1953 to 1956. He co-led The Jazz Couriers with Tubby Hayes from 1957 to 1959, and was leader of a quartet including Stan Tracey (1960–1967).

During this period he also did occasional session work; his best-known work here is the solo on The Beatles‘ “Lady Madonna“. He was said to be upset at the amount of his saxophone that made the final cut on the original record. In subsequent recordings Paul McCartney restored greater sections into the song.

From 1967–69, Scott was a member of The Kenny Clarke-Francy Boland Big Band which toured Europe extensively and which also featured fellow tenor players Johnny Griffin and Eddie “Lockjaw” Davis, at the same time running his own octet including John Surman and Kenny Wheeler (1968–1969), and a trio with Mike Carr on keyboards and Bobby Gien on drums (1971–1975). He then went on to lead various groups, most of which included John Critchinson on keyboards and Martin Drew on drums.

Ronnie Scott’s playing was much admired on both sides of the Atlantic. Charles Mingus said of him in 1961: “Of the white boys, Ronnie Scott gets closer to the negro blues feeling, the way Zoot Sims does.”[2] Despite his central position in the British jazz scene, Scott recorded infrequently during the last few decades of his career. He suffered periods of depression and, while recovering slowly from surgery for tooth implants, died at age 69 from an accidental overdose of barbiturates prescribed by his dentist.[3]

He was cremated at the Golders Green Crematorium.

The author Joel Lane is Scott’s nephew.

Ronnie Scott’s Jazz Club

Ronnie Scott’s Jazz Club at 47 Frith Street, Soho, London.

Main article: Ronnie Scott’s Jazz Club

Scott is perhaps best remembered for co-founding, with former tenor sax player Pete King, the Ronnie Scott’s Jazz Club, which opened on 30 October 1959 in a basement at 39 Gerrard Street in London’s Soho district, with the debut of a young alto sax player named Peter King (no relation), before later moving to a larger venue nearby at 47 Frith Street in 1965. The original venue continued in operation as the “Old Place” until the lease ran out in 1967, and was used for performances by the up and coming generation of domestic musicians.

Scott regularly acted as the club’s genial Master of Ceremonies, and was (in)famous for his repertoire of jokes, asides and one-liners. A typical introduction might go: “Our next guest is one of the finest musicians in the country. In the city, he’s crap”.

After Scott’s death, King continued to run the club for a further nine years, before selling the club to theatre impresario Sally Greene in June 2005.

Selected band line-ups

As well as participating in name orchestras, Scott led or co-led numerous bands featuring some of Britain’s most prominent jazz musicians of the day.

Alan Dean’s Beboppers


Ronnie Scott (ts), Johnny Dankworth (as), Hank Shaw (tp), Tommy Pollard (p), Pete Chilver (g), Joe Muddel (b), Laurie Morgan (d), Alan Dean (vocal).

Ronnie Scott Orchestra

– 1954, 1955

Ronnie Scott (ts), Derek Humble (as), Pete King (ts), Hank Shaw (tp), Ken Wray (tb), Benny Green (bs), Victor Feldman (p), Lennie Bush (b), Phil Seamen (d).

Ronnie Scott Quintet

– 1955

Ronnie Scott (ts), Hank Shaw (tp), Victor Feldman (p), Sammy Stokes/Lennie Bush (b), Phil Seamen (d).

Ronnie Scott Big Band

– 1955

Ronnie Scott, Pete King, (ts), Joe Harriott, Doug Robinson (as), Benny Green (bs), Stan Palmer, Hank Shaw, Dave Usden, Jimmy Watson, (tp) Jack Botterill, Robin Kaye, Mac Minshull, Ken Wray (tb), Norman Stenfalt (p), Eric Peter (b), Phil Seamen (d).

The Jazz Couriers

Ronnie Scott (ts), Tubby Hayes (ts, vib), Terry Shannon (p), Phil Bates (b), Bill Eyden (d).

(On 7 April 1957, The Jazz Couriers co-led by Tubby Hayes and Ronnie Scott, debuted at the new Flamingo Club in Wardour Street, Soho. The group lasted until 30 August 1959).

Ronnie Scott Quartet


Ronnie Scott (ts), Stan Tracey (p), Malcolm Cecil (b), Jackie Dougan (d).

Ronnie Scott Quintet


Dick Pearce (tp), Ronnie Scott (ts), John Critchinson (p), Ron Mathewson (b), Martin Drew (d).

Selected discography

  • 1948: Boppin’ at Esquire (indigo)
  • 1958: The Couriers of Jazz! (Carlton/Fresh Sounds)
  • 1965: The Night Is Scott and You’re So Swingable (Redial)
  • 1965: When I Want Your Opinion, I’ll Give it to You (Jazz House)
  • 1969: Live at Ronnie Scott’s (Columbia)
  • 1977: Serious Gold (Pye)
  • 1990: Never Pat a Burning Dog (Jazz House)
  • 1997: If I Want Your Opinion (Jazz House)
  • 1997: The Night Has a Thousand Eyes (Jazz House)
  • 2000: Boppin’ at Esquire (Indigo)
  • 2002: Ronnie Scott Live at the Jazz Club (Time Music)

See also


  • Clarke, Donald (Ed.). The Penguin Encyclopedia of Popular Music, Viking, 1989.
  • Kernfeld, Barry Dean (Ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, Macmillan Press, 1988.
  • Kington, Miles; Gelly, Dave. The Giants of Jazz, Schirmer Books, 1986.
  • Larkin, Colin. The Encyclopedia of Popular Music, 3rd edition, Macmillan, 1998.
  • Ruppli, Michel; Novitsky, Ed. The Mercury Labels. A discography, Vol. V., Record and Artist Indexes, Greenwood Press, 1993.
  1. ^ The Man Behind The Club (Retrieved March 10, 2010)
  2. ^ “Ronnie Scott”, Brian Priestley, in Carr et al.
  3. ^ Jazz and death: medical profiles of jazz greats By Frederick J. Spencer. University Press of Mississippi. Page 2010
This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please improve this article by introducing more precise citations where appropriate. (January 2010)

[Reprinted from Wikipedia]

Vocalist – General, Vocalist – Bass, Vocalist – Baritone, Vocalist – Tenor, Vocalist – Soprano, Rhythm Guitar, Lead Guitar, Acoustic Guitar, Bass Guitar, Drums, Other Percussion, Violin, Trumpet, Saxophone, Keyboard, Piano, Background Singer, Harmonica, Flute, Other, Banjo, Mandolin, Fiddle, Dobro.


John Francis Anthony Pastorius III (December 1, 1951 – September 21, 1987), better known as Jaco Pastorius, was an American jazz musician and composer widely acknowledged for his skills as an electric bass player.
His playing style was noteworthy for containing intricate solos in the higher register. His innovations also included the use of harmonics and the “singing” quality of his melodies on fretless bass. Pastorius suffered from mental illness including a Substance-related disorder, and was diagnosed with bipolar disorder in 1982. He died in 1987 at age 35 following a violent altercation at a Fort Lauderdale drinking establishment.
Pastorius was inducted into the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame in 1988, one of only four bassists to be so honored (and the only electric bass guitarist). He is regarded as one of the most influential bass players of all time.

Listen Now…

BB King

In Music For Pleasure, This Day In History on September 26, 2010 at 6:49 pm

His reign as King of the Blues has been as long as that of any monarch on earth. Yet B.B. King continues to wear his crown well. At age 76, he is still light on his feet, singing and playing the blues with relentless passion. Time has no apparent effect on B.B., other than to make him more popular, more cherished, more relevant than ever. Don’t look for him in some kind of semi-retirement; look for him out on the road, playing for people, popping up in a myriad of T.V. commercials, or laying down tracks for his next album. B.B. King is as alive as the music he plays, and a grateful world can’t get enough of him.

For more than half a century, Riley B. King – better known as B.B. King – has defined the blues for a worldwide audience. Since he started recording in the 1940s, he has released over fifty albums, many of them classics. He was born September 16, 1925, on a plantation in Itta Bena, Mississippi, near Indianola. In his youth, he played on street corners for dimes, and would sometimes play in as many as four towns a night. In 1947, he hitchhiked to Memphis, TN, to pursue his music career. Memphis was where every important musician of the South gravitated, and which supported a large musical community where every style of African American music could be found. B.B. stayed with his cousin Bukka White, one of the most celebrated blues performers of his time, who schooled B.B. further in the art of the blues.

B.B.’s first big break came in 1948 when he performed on Sonny Boy Williamson’s radio program on KWEM out of West Memphis. This led to steady engagements at the Sixteenth Avenue Grill in West Memphis, and later to a ten-minute spot on black-staffed and managed Memphis radio station WDIA. “King’s Spot,” became so popular, it was expanded and became the “Sepia Swing Club.” Soon B.B. needed a catchy radio name. What started out as Beale Street Blues Boy was shortened to Blues Boy King, and eventually B.B. King.

In the mid-1950s, while B.B. was performing at a dance in Twist, Arkansas, a few fans became unruly. Two men got into a fight and knocked over a kerosene stove, setting fire to the hall. B.B. raced outdoors to safety with everyone else, then realized that he left his beloved $30 acoustic guitar inside, so he rushed back inside the burning building to retrieve it, narrowly escaping death. When he later found out that the fight had been over a woman named Lucille, he decided to give the name to his guitar to remind him never to do a crazy thing like fight over a woman. Ever since, each one of B.B.’s trademark Gibson guitars has been called Lucille.

Soon after his number one hit, “Three O’Clock Blues,” B.B. began touring nationally. In 1956, B.B. and his band played an astonishing 342 one-night stands. From the chitlin circuit with its small-town cafes, juke joints, and country dance halls to rock palaces, symphony concert halls, universities, resort hotels and amphitheaters, nationally and internationally, B.B. has become the most renowned blues musician of the past 40 years.

Over the years, B.B. has developed one of the world’s most identifiable guitar styles. He borrowed from Blind Lemon Jefferson, T-Bone Walker and others, integrating his precise and complex vocal-like string bends and his left hand vibrato, both of which have become indispensable components of rock guitarist’s vocabulary. His economy, his every-note-counts phrasing, has been a model for thousands of players, from Eric Clapton and George Harrison to Jeff Beck. B.B. has mixed traditional blues, jazz, swing, mainstream pop and jump into a unique sound. In B.B.’s words, “When I sing, I play in my mind; the minute I stop singing orally, I start to sing by playing Lucille.”

In 1968, B.B. played at the Newport Folk Festival and at Bill Graham’s Fillmore West on bills with the hottest contemporary rock artists of the day who idolized B.B. and helped to introduce him to a young white audience. In “69, B.B. was chosen by the Rolling Stones to open 18 American concerts for them; Ike and Tina Turner also played on 18 shows.

B.B. was inducted into the Blues Foundation Hall of Fame in 1984 and into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987. He received NARAS’ Lifetime Achievement Grammy Award in 1987, and has received honorary doctorates from Tougaloo(MS) College in 1973; Yale University in 1977; Berklee College of Music in 1982; Rhodes College of Memphis in 1990; Mississippi Valley State University in 2002 and Brown University in 2007. In 1992, he received the National Award of Distinction from the University of Mississippi.

In 1991, B.B. King’s Blues Club opened on Beale Street in Memphis, and in 1994, a second club was launched at Universal CityWalk in Los Angeles. A third club in New York City’s Times Square opened in June 2000 and most recently two clubs opened at Foxwoods Casino in Connecticut in January 2002. In 1996, the CD-Rom On The Road With B.B. King: An Interactive Autobiography was released to rave reviews. Also in 1996, B.B.’s autobiography, “Blues All Around Me” (written with David Ritz for Avon Books) was published. In a similar vein, Doubleday published “The Arrival of B.B. King” by Charles Sawyer, in 1980.

B.B. continues to tour extensively, averaging over 250 concerts per year around the world. Classics such as “Payin’ The Cost To Be The Boss,” “The Thrill Is Gone,” How Blue Can You Get,” “Everyday I Have The Blues,” and “Why I Sing The Blues” are concert (and fan) staples. Over the years, the Grammy Award-winner has had two #1 R&B hits, 1951’s “Three O’Clock Blues,” and 1952’s “You Don’t Know Me,” and four #2 R&B hits, 1953’s “Please Love Me,” 1954’s “You Upset Me Baby,” 1960’s “Sweet Sixteen, Part I,” and 1966’s “Don’t Answer The Door, Part I.” B.B.’s most popular crossover hit, 1970’s “The Thrill Is Gone,” went to #15 pop.


Little Miss. Mafia

In This Day In History on September 26, 2010 at 2:58 pm


X Factor hooker Chloe Mafia caught on camera snorting cocaine!

EXCLUSIVE by Will Payne

X Factor prostitute Chloe Mafia is caught on camera snorting line after line of cocaine – before going to meet a client for sex.

Our shocking footage shows the single mother hoovering up huge quantities of the drug, three days before an estimated 13m viewers watched her on last night’s show.

Click here to see the video.

The 19-year-old vice girl, who says she takes the Class A substance every night, then met a punter who she charged £450 for a sordid two-hour sex session.

Chloe’s drug binge took place in a hotel suite while a friend looked after her two-year-old daughter Destiny.

She expertly snorted four large lines of cocaine in just 50 minutes, taking her first hit minutes after arriving in the room.

And shockingly, mid-way through the drug session, she admitted to friends she is often high in front of her little girl – who she leaves with a pal in the hotel lobby while she meets clients for sex.

Speaking freely as she downed glasses of pink champagne, the wannabe pop star said: ‘This job, you know, it gets you bad with the coke. I hadn’t had it for two years and I started doing this work and now I do it every night. If I carry on like this I’ll be a coke-head as well as a hooker.’

She then described a binge with a drug-dealing client where she snorted so much she could not even open a wrapped loaf of bread.

She said: ‘Once I was in a hotel seeing this guy who sells coke and he got out a massive bag of the stuff and whacked it on the table. He cut up a load of massive lines – they were fat and long like sausages.

‘I didn’t even think it was that strong and I did loads but then it hit me and I was f****d. I went downstairs and the moment the guy on reception saw me he said, ‘You’re coked out of your head aren’t you?’.

‘I was so out of it I walked into the hotel kitchen, but once I got in there I couldn’t even open the packaging on a loaf of bread. I was that bad.

“One of my mates had been looking after Destiny while I was with the dealer, but she came into the kitchen and saw me. I felt really bad being that f****d in front of my little girl.’

Our drug-taking revelations will prove hugely embarrassing for The X Factor supremo Simon Cowell, who has been criticised for letting Chloe stay in the show despite her being a prostitute.

He has said: ‘We haven’t banned prostitutes. We can’t just take people off the show because they might do something that upsets some people.’

But it will be hard for bosses of the show, watched by millions of children, to defend her now.

Chloe, real name Chloe Heald – who was shown turning up late for her first Boot Camp practice session on last night’s show – denied being a sex worker this week, saying: ‘The claims I’m a prostitute have been heartbreaking.’

But our evidence proves she is just that.

The teenager from Wakefield, West Yorkshire, talks openly about her work and boasts she was late for Boot Camp because she had met a client the night before.

She told her friends: ‘When I was in London for X Factor I met this sexy guy from Facebook who keeps ringing me every day. He asked me what size clothes my daughter wears because he wanted to buy her some. He said he was going to take me on holiday and gave me his bank details.’

Chloe also said she arranged to meet a client after her first audition in Manchester.

But she failed to turn up after she stayed behind to speak to the show’s counsellors because she felt she had messed up her rendition of Shakira’s Underneath Your Clothes.

At one point during the teen’s cocaine session at the hotel in West Yorkshire she even tried to recruit her friend and another woman for a foursome with the client.

She said: ‘Tell him he can have three girls for the price of one, go on tell him. Ask him if he wants three.’

And one of Chloe’s friends says her drug habit is the main reason she has turned to prostitution. The friend also believes her behaviour is putting daughter Destiny at risk.

She said: ‘Chloe does coke every night of the week and struggles to function without it. She earns a lot escorting, but it all goes on clothes and coke. It can’t be safe looking after a child when you’re constantly on drugs.

‘Chloe often takes her on jobs. She’ll go upstairs with the client and her mate will look after Destiny in the hotel lobby. It’s a terrible environment for a child.’

Chloe also told of violence in her life, saying a heroin addict put a knife to her throat last Monday while Destiny watched from her pushchair.

Chloe, who has been arrested 140 times for a variety of crimes, said she had got into an argument with the woman at a railway station about Destiny being out with her at night.

She said in our footage: ‘Next thing, her boyfriend has passed her a knife and had it right to my throat while she’s pulling my hair. Destiny was right there. She saw the whole thing.’

Then she told of a male friend brutally ­attacking her – but added: ‘It’s only because he was p****d out of his head and on steroids.’

Chloe, who has had three boyfriends in the past month and still sees Destiny’s dad Ian Hough, said she is still on the look-out for a man and talked of The X Factor host Dermot O’Leary.

Deluded Chloe said: ‘I’m sure Dermot fancied me. He’d come next to me and put his arm round me and say, ‘You need a nice man to look after you’.’ And she said of Simon Cowell: ‘I wish I had sh***ed Simon. Then I’d be famous.’

Gay sex, fraud and a bishop ‘dripping with diamonds’ | News

In This Day In History on September 25, 2010 at 1:34 pm

Gay sex, fraud and a bishop ‘dripping with diamonds’ | News.


From the Black Herald:

The man set to become the new owner of Gatwick Airport tells Sky News how he is going to shake up Britain’s airport business. In an exclusive interview with Jeff Randall, Adebayo Ogunlesi, chairman of Global Infrastructure Partners, said he is going “to make Gatwick a truly first class experience.”

The man set to become the new owner of Gatwick Airport, tells Sky News how he is going to shake-up Britain’s airport business. In an exclusive interview with Jeff Randall, Adebayo Ogunlesi, chairman of Global Infrastructure Partners, said he is going “to make Gatwick a truly first class experience”.

However he cautioned it would take “somewhere between 12 and 18 months” before passengers started noticing a difference at the airport.  GIP agreed a £1.51bn deal with Gatwick’s current operator BAA last week, which represented a “good price”, Mr Ogunlesi said. The fund, which invests in the energy, transport and waste sectors, has already spent over £1bn so far this year, encouraged by falling asset prices. Mr Ogunlesi said the UK’s strong regulatory framework and attractive assets made “Britain a wonderful place to invest”.

“We love Britain,” Mr Ogunlesi added. The sale of Gatwick to GIP, which is subject to approval by the European Union, is due to be completed by the end of the year. The airport is currently run by BAA, which posted a pre-tax loss of over £780m in the first nine months of the year. The airport operator said it lost £225m on Gatwick after being forced to sell the airport by the Competition Commission.

Culled from Sky News.


Take a Giant Step, a play by Louis Peterson, opened on Broadway (1953).

Patrick Kelly, an African-American designer who became famous in Paris, born (1954).

President Eisenhower orders federal troops to Central High School in Little Rock, Ark. to prevent interference with school integration of nine Black students (1957).

Little Rock nine school integration

U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ordered Board of Higher Education of Mississippi to admit a Black student to university or be held in contempt (1962).

Executive Order 11246 which enforces affirmative action Issued by President Johnson (1965).

John T. Walker named the first Black bishop of the Episcopal diocese of Washington (1977).

Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone makes statement saying that the United States’ “intelligence levels are lower than those in Japan because of African-Americans, Hispanics and Puerto Ricans.” Nakasone later apologized saying his remarks were misinterpreted (1986).


Merely mention the name John Coltrane and you’re likely to evoke a deeply emotional, often spiritual response from even the most casual jazz fan.

Born September 23, 1926 in Hamlet, North Carolina, John Coltrane was always surrounded by music. His father played several instruments sparking Coltrane’s study of E-flat horn and clarinet. While in high school, Coltrane’s musical influences shifted to the likes of Lester Young and Johnny Hodges prompting him to switch to alto saxophone. He continued his musical training in Philadelphia at Granoff Studios and the Ornstein School of Music. He was called to military service during WWII, where he performed in the U.S. Navy Band in Hawaii.

After the war, Coltrane began playing tenor saxophone with the Eddie “CleanHead” Vinson Band, and was later quoted as saying, “A wider area of listening opened up for me. There were many things that people like Hawk, and Ben and Tab Smith were doing in the ‘40’s that I didn’t understand, but that I felt emotionally.” Prior to joining the Dizzy Gillespie band, Coltrane performed with Jimmy Heath where his passion for experimentation began to take shape. However, it was his work with the Miles Davis Quintet in 1958 that would lead to his own musical evolution. ” Miles music gave me plenty of freedom,” he once said. During that period, he became known for using the three-on-one chord approach, and what has been called the ‘sheets of sound,’ a method of playing multiple notes at one time.

By 1960 Coltrane had formed his own quartet which included pianist McCoy Tyner, drummer Elvin Jones, and bassist Jimmy Garrison. Eventually adding players like Eric Dolphy, and Pharoah Sanders. The John Coltrane Quartet created some of the most innovative and expressive music in Jazz history including the hit albums: “My Favorite Things,” “Africa Brass,” ” Impressions,” ” Giant Steps,” and his monumental work “A Love Supreme” which attests to the power, glory, love, and greatness of God. Coltrane felt we must all make a conscious effort to effect positive change in the world, and that his music was an instrument to create positive thought patterns in the minds of people.

In 1967, liver disease took Coltrane’s life leaving many to wonder what might have been. Yet decades after his departure his music can be heard in motion pictures, on television and radio. Recent film projects that have made references to Coltrane’s artistry in dialogue or musical compositions include, “Mr. Holland’s Opus”, “The General’s Daughter”, “Malcolm X”, “Mo Better Blues”, “Jerry McGuire”, “White Night”, “The Last Graduation”, “Come Unto Thee”, “Eyes On The Prize II” and “Four Little Girls”. Also, popular television series such as “NYPD Blue”, “The Cosby Show”, “Day’s Of Our Lives”, “Crime Stories” and “ER”, have also relied on the beautiful melodies of this distinguished saxophonist.

In 1972, “A Love Supreme” was certified gold by the RIAA for exceeding 500,000 units in Japan. This jazz classic and the classic album “My Favorite Things” were certified gold in the United States in 2001.

In 1982, the RIAA posthumously awarded John Coltrane a Grammy Award of ” Best Jazz Solo Performance” for the work on his album, “Bye Bye Blackbird”. In 1997 he received the organizations highest honor, the Lifetime Achievement Award.

On June 18, 1993 Mrs. Alice Coltrane received an invitation to The White House from former President and Mrs. Clinton, in appreciation of John Coltrane’s historical appearance at the Newport Jazz Festival.

In 1995, John Coltrane was honored by the United States Postal Service with a commemorative postage stamp. Issued as part of the musicians and composers series, this collectors item remains in circulation.

In 1999, Universal Studios and its recording division MCA Records recognized John Coltrane’s influence on cinema by naming a street on the Universal Studios lot in his honor.

In 2001, The NEA and the RIAA released 360 songs of the Century . Among them was John Coltrane’s “My Favorite Things.”


The Best of British

In This Day In History on September 24, 2010 at 9:38 pm

Susan Boyle launches talent contest

Have you dreamed a dream of duetting with the ‘hairy angel’? Then your hopes could soon become a reality …

[Reprinted from the Guardian] -Tuesday 13 July 2010 13.25 BST

Reporter: Sean Michaels

Susan Boyle
Boyle-in-the-bag … Susan’s Search aims to find the singer a duet partner.

Susan Boyle would like to discover the next Susan Boyle. The world’s favourite Scottish singer has launched a new online contest, the winner of which will duet with Boyle on the 49-year-old’s forthcoming second album.

It’s called Susan’s Search. And although this makes it sound like a melancholy TV special about Boyle’s love life, the competition could well be the golden ticket for another lonely spinster sitting at home with her cat. After being discovered on Britain’s Got Talent, Boyle went on to release the bestselling UK album of 2010.

“When I did Britain’s Got Talent, I was given a chance by Simon Cowell to show what I could do,” Boyle explained in a video on her website. “This got me thinking about people who maybe missed the opportunity, so I came up with the idea for Susan’s Search … It’s about giving other people an opportunity … [to] live the dream.”

Boyle herself will be judging the contest, which invites contenders to submit videos via her YouTube channel. But although there’s already a raft of Boyle-a-likes, from the Chinese Susan Boyle to the Taiwanese Susan Boyle, those gunning for the prize will have to start shaking their jingle bells. To qualify, all singers must perform the Christmas classic Silent Night, which Boyle recorded for last year’s I Dreamed a Dream.

This popular carol is a little at odds with the reported style of Boyle’s second album, The Gift, which is due in November. For this, the singer is apparently exploring her “jazzy” 1960s side, revisiting what she called “my era”.

Perhaps there will be miniskirts.








Prescott accused of phone hack rant | News

In The Vitriolic Potical Corner, This Day In History on September 17, 2010 at 6:52 pm

Lord Prescott

Lord Prescott has been accused of “ranting” and wasting public money after he said he would seek a judicial review into the News of the World phone-hacking row.

The Scotland Yard officer who oversaw the investigation into the affair launched a scathing attack on the former deputy prime minister, branding him “nothing special”.

The peer announced on Friday morning that he will ask the courts to examine the Metropolitan Police’s handling of the case after the force refused to provide all the information it held relating to him.

Shadow foreign office minister Chris Bryant, ex-Met deputy assistant commissioner Brian Paddick and journalist Brendan Montague have also issued judicial review proceedings.

In a statement on his website, Lord Prescott said: “It has always been my intention to discover the truth behind this case and whether the Metropolitan Police fulfilled its duty to follow all the lines of evidence. It is my belief they didn’t and I hope the judicial review will finally reveal why justice not only wasn’t done but wasn’t seen to be done.”

Lord Prescott said he is asking the courts to declare that his human rights had been breached, and order the Met to disclose fully any information relating to his personal details. The peer is also seeking damages, which he said would be given to charity.

But speaking on Nick Ferrari’s radio show on LBC 97.3 on Friday, former Met assistant commissioner Andy Hayman, who oversaw the original phone-hacking investigation, dismissed the chances of a judicial review finding anything new.

“We have to get real over this. This is just another episode of Lord Prescott’s rants,” he said.

“You know, he’s nothing special, he was on a list, along with lots of other celebrities and well-known people, held by a journalist – and that’s no different to a contact list that’s being held by any other journalist, come to that.

“Now if – and it’s been reviewed – if I have proved to be wrong, then I’ll eat my words and face the music. But my understanding is, there is absolutely no evidence from that initial investigation of his phone being hacked, so why he thinks he is anything special, I do not know.”

Prescott accused of phone hack rant | News.

Duncan Bannatyne takes to Twitter to ramp up Caan row |

In This Day In History on September 17, 2010 at 12:36 pm

The battle of the businessmen kicked off when Bannatyne wrote a Daily Telegraph article deeming it “unfair” that private equity boss James Caan could enjoy the tax privileges that come with his “non-domicile” status.

Caan countered via an interview with the Evening Standard: “I do not apologise for my country of origin, Pakistan.”

He also threw in a dig at his Scottish nemesis by declaring he couldn’t invest with anyone in possession of a criminal record (Bannatyne served six months in Colchester military prison when he was a teenager in the Royal Navy).

Bannatyne has now accused Caan of playing the race card and “personalising” the feud, having pointed out that his fellow dragon is chairman of the Big Issue (which employs individuals with criminal pasts).

The two millionaires already hold three joint Dragon investments, with sceptics now lining up to raise an eyebrow at the niftily timed public spat between the pair.

Duncan Bannatyne takes to Twitter to ramp up Caan row |

The Winning Formula…

In This Day In History on September 7, 2010 at 2:24 pm

Every person who wins in any undertaking must be willing to cut all sources of retreat. Only by doing so can one be sure of maintaining    that state of mind known as a burning desire to win which is one  of the essentials to success.                                                                                                – Napoleon Hill

How to Get What You Want: Win/Win

In This Day In History on September 3, 2010 at 11:36 pm

What happens when you don’t have bona fide negotiation experience and you have a big opportunity to get a large contract, turn something into a ‘big’ deal, or take advantage of a situation that could prove to be very positive? What happens when these opportunities are complicated, because the individual or source possesses greater negotiation skills than you? You may think to yourself, “I don’t know a lot about negotiation strategies, tactics, or how to read and interpret body language. What should I do?” The answer is, you get help from a source(s) that you know to be valid, full of negotiation ideas and someone that has led others to countless successful outcomes when negotiating.

There are so many nuances, thoughts, and questions that occur when people negotiate. Be prepared to answer questions, such as …

· What did that wink of the eye, or other body language gesture/action mean?

· Why is she getting upset with me? Is that a tactic?

· How can I make them understand that I’m on their side? We’re both on the same team, but I really need what I’m asking for?

· What do I have to give in order to get what I want?

· I’m not ‘playing games’ with them, I wonder why they think I am?

When you negotiate with strong opponents, the person astute at using the appropriate tactics to combat certain strategies will possess a stark advantage.

Try these suggestions if you find yourself in situations where you’re negotiating with strong opponents and they insist on the negotiation continuing …

1. If possible, postpone the negotiation for as long as it takes to get additional resources on your side, and/or find a way to neutralize the other side’s advantages. This can be an hour, a day, a month, or whatever you can get away with. If you’re in such a situation, use any excuse to get out of the environment, ASAP. The longer you stay in the environment the more likely that something negative will occur.

Note: (Once I was in a negotiation situation in which our opponents were using their cell phones to receive additional information via text messages during the negotiation. Once I observed this, I requested a break. I suggested to my client, on whose behalf I was negotiating, that we ask to have all cell phones left outside of the negotiation room. The other side initially balked at the request, but after we made it a stern demand, they acquiesced. In essence, we took a source of information, which was an advantage for them, from them, which placed us in a better negotiating position.)

2. If you realize you’re up against a stronger opponent and she expresses an interest in reaching an equitable outcome, succumb to her skills. Acknowledge that she is a far superior negotiator. By acknowledging her superiority you can also solicit a sense of ‘mercy’. Hopefully, she’ll be gentle with you (be aware that some negotiators use the ‘have mercy on me’ tactic as an overall strategy).

3. If you can’t postpone the negotiation and you can’t ‘cop a plea’ for mercy and you have to go through with the negotiation, take your lumps and consider it a life lesson learned. Just make sure you don’t have to repeat the lesson in the future.

With a recession most likely on the horizon in the United States, one that will impact the world, the time to enhance your negotiation skills is now.

Always remember; when we intend to do things, who we are, and what we want, is in our mind. Until we take that intention from our mind and commit it to action, it lies dormant.

If your negotiation skills have not been vetted, prepare for a future opportunity by positioning yourself with knowledge before that opportunity presents itself. As the cliché goes, in times of peace, prepare for war … and everything will be right with the world.

The negotiation lessons are …

  • Don’t be like the man that stepped off a 40 story building and as he passed the 10th floor said, everything is okay so far. When you need help get the assistance you need before you encounter a situation that could be worse. Don’t put off enhancing your negotiation skills.
  • Understand, you need valid answers and input when negotiating. Don’t allow your process of thought to alienate you from the goal you seek due to your ineptness at deciphering the correct non-verbal signal or tactic.
  • Validated answers will give you input into the direction the negotiation is heading. Once you have a sense of that direction, you will get insight into what needs to be done to keep the negotiation going in that direction.
  • Don’t be blind to the value of being able to read body language and acquiring stronger negotiation skills. If you increase your skills, there will be times when you will see windows of opportunities that are hidden from your opponent.

Get Body Language Course Here

There Is Always A Choice

In This Day In History on September 2, 2010 at 3:38 pm

Always in life an idea starts small, it is only a sapling idea, but the vines will come and they will try to choke your idea so it cannot grow and it will die and you will never know you had a big idea, an idea so big it could have grown thirty metres through the dark canopy of leaves and touched the face of the sky.’ He looked at me and continued, ‘The vines are people who are afraid of originality, of new thinking; most people you encounter will be vines, when you are a young plant they are very dangerous.’ His piercing blue eyes looked into mine. ‘Always listen to yourself, Peekay. It is better to be wrong than simply to follow convention. If you are wrong, no matter, you have learned something and you will grow stronger. If you are right you have taken another step towards fulfilling your

A Countryman’s son by accident trod upon a Serpent’s tail, which turned and bit him so that he died. The father in a rage got his axe, and pursuing the Serpent, cut off part of its tail. So the Serpent in revenge began stinging several of the Farmer’s
cattle and caused him severe loss. Well, the Farmer thought it best to make it up with the Serpent, and brought food and honey to the mouth of its lair, and said to it: “Let’s forget and forgive; perhaps you were right to punish my son, and take vengeance on my cattle, but surely I was right in trying to revenge him; now that
we are both satisfied why should not we be friends again?”

“No, no,” said the Serpent; “take away your gifts; you can never forget the death of your son, nor I the loss of my tail.”

Injuries may be forgiven, but not forgotten

Reprinted From Aesops Fable’s.

Arthur Beck Clothing Wanted

In This Day In History on August 30, 2010 at 9:40 pm

Looking to buy a Arthur Beck Company (aka Art Beck) metal potholder. The top of the potholder has “ART BECK” in large letters with the word PRODUCTS in smaller letters below. The other side of the potholder had the word EVANS on it. It is a two piece device held together with a metal gromit. The composition is a lightweight metal that could be aluminum. It was manufactured in Chicago during the 1940’s or 1950’s.

Bankrupt Stock Wanted

In This Day In History on August 30, 2010 at 8:16 pm



Audi A4

In This Day In History on August 30, 2010 at 12:25 pm



 £795 ONO

Call: 07401 091 813